Polysubstance Abuse and Dependence: Dangers and Treatment
Table of Contents
What Are Symptoms of Polysubstance Abuse?
If a person is struggling with a polysubstance abuse disorder, physical, behavioral, and psychological warning signs are typically present. Some common symptoms of polysubstance abuse include cravings, thinking about using, difficulty controlling one’s usage, and anxiety or depression.
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Cravings and Urges To Use
Thinking About and Planning To Use
Difficulty Controlling Substance Use
Anxiety, Depression, or Isolation
Abandoned hobbies, strained relationships, and sudden changes in friends can all lead to anxiety, depression, and isolation. These strained relationships and sudden changes in other areas of the individual’s life are typically a result of polysubstance usage.
Drug Dependence Diagnosis and Complications
How Is Drug Dependence Diagnosed?
Complications of Drug Dependence
What Are The Signs of Polysubstance Abuse?
Notable Change in Personality or Behavior: Unexplained personality, attitude, and behavior changes can be signs of polysubstance abuse.
Losing Interest in Hobbies, Activities, Friends: Abandoning previous activities such as sports, social engagements, or hobbies can indicate polysubstance use.
Mood Swings or Irritability: Psychological warning signs may include irritability, angry outbursts, and mood swings.
An Increased Need for Privacy or Sneaking Around: Secretive and suspicious behaviors can be warning signs of substance use disorder.
Depression or Anxiety: When a person is struggling with drug dependence, their mental health can deteriorate, leading to paranoia, depression, and anxiety.
Increased Injuries or Health Issues: Polysubstance abuse can lead to physical health issues and increased injuries.
Neglecting Physical Care, Personal Relationships, or Life Obligations: If an individual is in active use, their relationships, responsibilities, physical health, and obligations can go on the back burner.
Risks of Polysubstance Abuse
Organ Damage: If a person is diagnosed with the ICD 10 code for polysubstance abuse, they’re more likely to have liver and other organ damage as a result from substance usage.
Negative Effects on Mental Health: For many people, substance use disorders and mental health diagnoses are co-occurring. Mental illnesses can be exacerbated by drug and alcohol use.
Effects on Cognitive Ability: Brain injury, an altered mental state, and cognitive deficits are also associated with polysubstance use.
Physical Health Complications: Physical health complications such as slow breathing, passing out, weak pulse, nausea, and seizures are all dangers of polysubstance abuse.
Overdose: Almost half of all overdoses in 2019 involved polysubstance use.
Addiction: When an individual abuses one or more drugs and develops dependence, they are generally more susceptible to addiction.
Death: Mixing drugs can potentially be lethal.
Dangers Associated With Polysubstance Abuse
Regardless of whether polysubstance abuse is intentional, it can be very dangerous. Some common, and potentially more severe, dangers associated with polysubstance abuse are:
Increased Severity of Side Effects: When two or more mind-altering substances are combined, the effect can be stronger and produce more severe side effects.
Acute Health Problems: Sudden and severe acute health conditions are more likely for individuals with polysubstance abuse.
Complications Due to Co-Occurring Mental Health Issues: People with co-occurring polysubstance abuse and mental disorders are more prone to dangerous side effects.
Therapy for Polysubstance Abuse Treatment
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Program
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)is a therapy used to help individuals identify and address problematic behaviors and then learn how to reframe these behaviors into more positive ones. This is a short-term approach that is generally very effective for many individuals.
Somatic Experiencing Program
Dialectical Behavior Therapy Program
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based treatment focusing on mindfulness, acceptance, and intense emotions. 8
Motivational Interviewing Program
Treatment for Polysubstance Abuse
Inpatient Care and Outpatient Care
Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is available to help individuals struggling with cravings and urges to use. With an extensive menu of inclusive treatment services and therapies offered, Profound Treatment has the resources to help people from all walks of life. Contact Profound Treatment’s friendly and supportive team today to take the first step toward recovery.