According to data from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), approximately 9% of the general population experiences some form of personality disorder. Fortunately, studies have shown that with appropriate treatment, many individuals with personality disorders experience significant improvement and lead fulfilling lives. 

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Do I Have a Personality Disorder?

It’s not uncommon for mental health issues to coexist with addiction, and many individuals find themselves questioning their symptoms and mental health status. Our quiz is designed to help you gain better insight into your own mental health, particularly if you’re wondering about personality disorders.

Remember, this quiz is a preliminary tool meant to guide you in understanding your symptoms and is not a substitute for professional diagnosis. If, after taking the quiz, you feel that you need additional support or treatment, we strongly encourage you to reach out for support. The team at Profound Treatment is here to provide the help and guidance you need on your journey to wellness.

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What Are Personality Disorders?

Personality disorders are complex mental health conditions that involve long-term patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that differ from what is generally expected or accepted by an individual’s culture. These patterns are deeply ingrained and enduring, often starting in adolescence or early adulthood, and can cause distress or impairment in personal, social, and occupational functioning.

The essence of a personality disorder lies in its consistency and rigidity, impacting a wide range of situations and leading to problems in interpersonal relationships and daily functioning. People with personality disorders typically exhibit a narrow range of emotions, attitudes, and behaviors that are inflexible and maladaptive, often failing to recognize that their behavior is problematic.

Types of Personality Disorders

In the Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), personality disorders are typically categorized into three clusters based on similar characteristics:

Cluster A (Odd or Eccentric Disorders): This cluster includes disorders characterized by odd, eccentric thinking or behavior. It includes:

  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder.

Cluster B (Dramatic, Emotional, or Erratic Disorders): Disorders in this cluster are characterized by overly emotional, unpredictable thinking or behavior. They include: 

Cluster C (Anxious or Fearful Disorders): This cluster includes disorders characterized by anxious, fearful thinking or behavior. It includes: 

  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (different from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)

Common Personality Disorders

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

Characterized by emotional instability, impulsive behavior, and intense, often unstable relationships. Individuals with BPD may experience rapid mood swings and a fear of abandonment.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD)

Marked by a grandiose sense of self-importance, a need for excessive admiration, and a lack of empathy for others. People with NPD may appear highly confident but are often sensitive to criticism.

Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)

Features a disregard for the rights of others, often manifesting in deceitful, manipulative, and irresponsible behavior. Individuals with ASPD may engage in illegal activities and lack remorse.

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder (OCPD)

Involves an excessive preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control, often at the expense of flexibility and efficiency. OCPD affects overall lifestyle and functioning, unlike OCD.

Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD)

Characterized by social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation. Individuals with AvPD may desire close relationships but are inhibited by fear of criticism.

Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD)

Defined by attention-seeking behavior, excessive emotional expression, and a need for approval. People with HPD often engage in dramatic and flirtatious behavior to be the center of attention.

Causes and Risk Factors

The development of personality disorders is believed to be influenced by a complex interplay of genetic and environmental factors, along with individual psychological processes.

  • Genetic Predisposition: Studies suggest that all ten classified personality disorders have a genetic component, each showing a low to moderate level of heritability. This implies that the development of personality disorders is at least somewhat influenced by genetic factors. 
  • Childhood Trauma: Experiences of childhood trauma, such as physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, neglect, or significant loss, have been strongly linked to the development of personality disorders. Traumatic experiences can disrupt normal emotional development, leading to maladaptive coping mechanisms that persist into adulthood.
  • Verbal Abuse: A study involving 793 mother-child relationships examined the effects of verbal abuse. The findings revealed that children subjected to verbal abuse, such as being told they were unloved or threatening abandonment, were three times more likely to develop personality disorders like borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive, or paranoid disorders in their adult years compared to children who did not experience similar verbal abuse.

These are just a few potential risk factors thought to play a role in the development of personality disorders, according to the most recent findings. It’s important to note that having one or more of these risk factors does not guarantee that a person will develop a personality disorder, but it may increase the likelihood.

Screening for Personality Disorders

If you suspect you have a personality disorder, it’s essential to seek professional help. A mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or licensed clinical social worker, is trained to diagnose and treat these disorders and can guide you through the diagnostic process. The screening and diagnostic process for personality disorders may include:

  • Initial Consultation: You will discuss your symptoms and life experiences with a mental health professional to gauge your situation.
  • Review of Symptoms and Medical History: This typically includes a thorough review of your current symptoms, mental health history, and any family history of mental disorders to understand the context of your experiences.
  • Psychological Testing: If needed, psychological tests may be used to assess personality traits, emotional state, and thought patterns, providing objective data for diagnosis.
  • Formulating a Diagnosis: Over time, a trained mental health professional can evaluate your symptoms against the criteria for personality disorders in the DSM-5 to make an accurate diagnosis.

Treatment for Personality Disorders

Psychotherapy is the cornerstone of treatment for personality disorders. Some approaches that may be used include: 

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): Focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors.
  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT): Useful for Borderline Personality Disorder, emphasizing emotional regulation and interpersonal skills.
  • Group therapy: Provides a supportive environment for developing social skills and gaining peer insights.
  • Family therapy: Addresses family dynamics and improves familial relationships and communication.

These are just a few therapeutic approaches sometimes used in the treatment of personality disorders. Other therapeutic approaches may be recommended based on the type and severity of the disorder.


Although there are no medications specifically for personality disorders, various medications can be prescribed to alleviate certain symptoms or co-occurring mental health issues. These may include:

  • Antidepressants
  • Mood stabilizers
  • Antipsychotics

These medications can help manage symptoms like mood swings, depression, or impulsivity. Medication is typically more effective when used alongside psychotherapy.

  • When did the depression symptoms first start?
  • How long the symptoms lasted, and how frequently they happened?
  • Do the symptoms prevent the person from going out or engaging in regular activities?
The doctor may also conduct a physical examination or request blood testing to determine whether the person has an underlying medical problem. Diagnosing depression is often difficult because there are several clinical depression signs.

Why Choose Profound Treatment for Mental Health Treatment?

At Profound Treatment, we offer a range of services for those struggling with addiction and mental health issues. Located in Woodland Hills, California, our facilities provide a serene environment conducive to healing and recovery. 

Our unique approach includes:

  • A team of highly experienced mental health professionals
  • Holistic and experiential therapies complement traditional treatment methods
  • A strong focus on building life skills and relapse prevention strategies

Expertise in the treatment of dual-diagnosis conditions in an inpatient setting

However, they can alter how they respond to the potential risk factors. If an individual already has a major depressive disorder, improving their coping and self-management abilities can prevent it from worsening. Receiving professional mental health can prove beneficial to those with depressive tendencies.

Begin Treatment with Profound

Understanding and managing personality disorders can be a challenging journey, but it’s a path towards a healthier, more fulfilling life. If you or someone you know is struggling with symptoms of a personality disorder, especially if it’s co-occurring with substance abuse, Profound Treatment is here to help. 

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