5 Types of Anxiety Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments
Table of Contents
What Is Anxiety?
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What Is An Anxiety Disorder?
People with anxiety disorder respond to certain things and situations with dread and fear. These feelings of anxiety interfere with daily activities, are difficult to control, and can last longer than normal. Some characteristics of anxiety disorders include constant mood swings, nervousness, and panic attacks.
How Common Are Anxiety Disorders?
- Finding it hard to concentrate
- sleeping disorder (constant waking up at night due to nightmares)
- Not eating properly
- Quick to anger or irritable and out of control during outbursts
- Constantly worrying or having negative thoughts
- Being clingy
- Always crying
5 Types of Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
This involves recurring episodes of abrupt, extreme worry, fear, or terror that reach a peak in minutes (panic attacks). You might experience anxiety symptoms like dread, breathlessness, chest pain, rapid, fluttering, or pounding heart (heart palpitations).
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD is characterized by recurring, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) or repetitive activities (compulsions). However, it is found to be traced to the brain’s structure and requires a unique treatment.
Separation anxiety disorder is excessive anxiety during the child’s developmental stage. It is connected to being separated from parents or other adults who play parental duties.
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
Physical Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
- Cold or sweaty hands
- Dry mouth
- Heart palpitations
- Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
- Muscle tension
- Shortness of breath
Mental Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
- Feeling panic, fear, and uneasiness
- Repeated thoughts or flashbacks of traumatic experiences
- Uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts
Behavioral Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
- Inability to be still and calm
- Ritualistic behaviors, such as washing hands repeatedly
- Trouble sleeping
Behavioral Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders
- Brain chemistry: Severe or long-lasting stress induces chemical imbalance, causing anxiety.
- Experiences: experiencing trauma might trigger an anxiety disorder, especially in someone who has inherited a higher risk to start.
- Family history: anxiety disorders tend to run in families. You may inherit them from one or both families.
- Genetic factors: it is believed that some people have genes that increase their risk of anxiety disorder.
- Medical conditions: some medical conditions cause psychological anxiety disorder.
- Personality: feelings of anxiety can stem from the person’s personality trait.
How Are Anxiety Disorders Diagnosed?
Speak with your healthcare professional if you experience any symptoms of an anxiety problem. Your doctor may perform some tests to rule out physical conditions that could cause your symptoms.
Who Can Diagnose Anxiety Disorders?
Your doctor might suggest you see a psychiatrist or psychologist if they discover no outward symptoms of a physical illness. These mental health specialists focus on identifying and treating mental diseases.
Is There A Difference Between Feeling Anxious And Anxiety?
Is Anxiety Related To Depression?
Despite being two different conditions, depression and anxiety frequently coexist. As a result, they receive similar medical care as well.
How Are Anxiety Disorders Treated?
How Does Medication Treat Anxiety Disorders?
Medication can help you feel better and perform better. But they do not serve as an anxiety disorder cure. Drugs used for anxiety disorders treatment include:
- Anti-anxiety medications: medications such as benzodiazepines may help you feel less anxious, nervous, and worried. They work effectively but can build up a tolerance for them. As a result, they gradually become less efficient.
- Antidepressants: medications like antidepressants may take some time to work, so be patient; if you ever feel like stopping this medication, you should talk to your provider first.
- Beta-blockers: these can help reduce some of the symptoms of major anxiety disorders. They can relieve rapid heartbeat, shaking, and trembling.
How Does Psychotherapy Treat Anxiety Disorders?
A mental health professional will explain techniques to help you comprehend and manage the disorder better. Anxiety disorder treatment includes:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT for anxiety disorder therapy teaches you to identify thoughts and actions that result in unsettling emotions.
- Exposure therapy: It enables you to interact with things or circumstances you might have been avoiding. Your doctor may also recommend relaxation techniques, guided imagery, and exposure therapy.
Can Anxiety Disorder Be Prevented?
- Check out medications: Consult your doctor or pharmacist before using over-the-counter drugs or herbal remedies.
- Limit caffeine: Stop or reduce your caffeine intake, which includes cola, coffee, tea, and chocolate.
- Live a healthy lifestyle: Eating a nutritious, balanced diet and engaging in regular exercise can prevent anxiety disorder.
- Seek help: If you have recently gone through a traumatic or upsetting event, seek counseling and support.
Get Help To Overcome Anxiety Disorders at Profound Treatment
Profound treatment offers a safe, comfortable, healing environment for you to begin the process of recovery. With our mental health expert, we can provide you with a solution to living a healthy and happy life. Reach out to us today and get the support you need.